Children and Diabetes

If you have a son or daughter with diabetes that requires diabetic medical supplies and ongoing care, you might have questions about the condition, including what causes it and what potential complications could affect the child’s health even further. We have provided the following resource for parents below, explaining what diabetes is and how it affects the body. Diabetes is a chronic illness, but it can be managed with medical intervention and diabetes medical supplies. Learn more about this condition below:

What is it?

  • Diabetes is a group of complex diseases
  • Those with diabetes have high blood sugar (glucose) or hyperglycemia
  • Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism, which is the way the body uses food for energy
  • Diabetes is the result of the body not making enough insulin


Diabetes may cause additional health problems, including:

  • Neuropathy (nerve damage), especially in the legs and feet
  • Retinal damage, which can cause vision problems src
  • Kidney disease or damage

Image courtesy of National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health.

Three Types of Diabetes:

  • Type 1 diabetes:
    • Usually diagnosed in children, teenagers and young adults
    • As a result of the body’s immune system attacking the beta cells of the pancreas, those cells no longer make insulin
  • Type 2 diabetes:
    • Most common
    • Can develop and be diagnosed at any age
    • Usually begins with insulin resistance, leading to the pancreas losing its ability to produce enough insulin
  • Gestational diabetes:
    • Develops only during pregnancy
    • Due to pregnancy hormones, the body requires more insulin during pregnancy. If the pancreas can’t keep up, gestational diabetes can occur
    • Usually goes away after baby is born, but women who have had it are at a higher risk for Type 2 diabetes
Source:”Diagnosis of Diabetes and Prediabetes.” National Diabetes Information. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 29 Aug. 2012.

Leave a Reply